As a beekeeper, having a beekeeping floral calendar enables you to know the dates and duration of the blooming period of the important honey and pollen plants in your area. If you are a bee keeper and you don’t yet know the floral calendar, then you could be losing a lot of honey.
It means you don’t precisely know when to expect flowering and therefore the best time to harvest your honey. You cannot determine the best time to carry out bee husbandry practices. Neither are you well prepared for the honey bumper seasons or food shortage periods. But this need not be the situation if you have an accurate floral calendar.
So what is a floral calendar? It is a time table that shows the beekeeper the approximate flowering dates and duration of important pollen and honey plants. Although constructing a floral calendar takes time it is a very important exercise for your beekeeping enterprise. Seasonal changes in the vegetation patterns, the foraging behavior of bees, and the manner in which the honey colonies interact with their floral environment are the major events that are recorded. How accurate you record the beginning and end of flowering season of the plants and how they affect the bees will determine its practical value.
Usually, preparing an accurate calendar will take several years of continual recording and fine-tuning of the information obtained. You can generally take the following steps:-
Make a general survey of your area by drawing up a list of the flowering plants paying special attention to plants with a high floral population density per area or per tree.
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