Although the main reason of bee keeping is honey production, pollination forms the principal part in terms of economics. Pollination – is the transfer of pollen grains from the male flower part (anther) to the female flower part (stigma). Of all the insects, bees are the most pronounced pollination agents. Most commercial crops depend on honey bee for pollination.
The following characters make honeybees effective pollinating agents: -
Without bees, fruit and seed formation of most cultivated crops will not be possible. Insect pollinated flowers produce sticky pollen grains which easily attaches on the insect body. In addition this plants produce nectar to increase insect attraction. Nectar is a source of carbohydrates for insects and pollen grains is a source of proteins, vitamins, minerals, and fats.
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