What is the minimum number of quarters recommended for a poultry housing unit?

This depends on the type of poultry enterprise you intend to carry out, whether commercial layers, broilers or just local chicken. Many poultry farmers have in many occasions constructed poultry structures only to come running asking for advice on recommended designs and specifications. And many have ended up modifying the structures or bringing them down and constructing new ones altogether, which is costly and often demoralizing.

To avoid this, it is important to obtain the approved poultry designs and specifications for poultry before engaging in construction of poultry houses. As earlier stated, these structures depend on the commercial poultry enterprise that you intend to implement. The popular poultry enterprises currently in Kenya are commercial layers, broilers and local chicken and I want to confine myself to these.


Commercial Layers

Normally a one quartered house will suffice but the size will depend on the number of birds. A 7.8m x 3.9m can accommodate 200 birds and the length of the house can be extended by 3.9m for every 100 birds.  A larger operation will require a bigger house with a store for keeping inputs, offices and other amenities. See space requirements for chicken.


Broilers will require single quarters for groups up to 500 birds because they are disposed off into the market once they attain the required size.  This is a one step operation and the number of quarters will depend on the number of operations in the enterprise.

Local chicken

As for this group consideration must be given to the different stages of producing local chicken. The stages are right from the laying of eggs, hatching, brooding, rearing and marketing. It is recommended that each stage have at least one quarter because each stage has specific requirements for optimal performance. The minimum number of quarters is therefore five for a smooth operation in any such enterprise.   Local chicken producers undergo losses due to poor performance because they combine all the stages in a single quarter.

In any of the enterprise, allowance must be made for the quarters to have enough intervals from disposal to introduction of new birds so as to avoid the buildup of disease causing germs.



0 # olango 2012-01-12 18:31
hi, i want to start with 200 chicks, layers a day old, what kind of vaccination should they be given and how can i know that they are layers considering that it is my first time and can you please attach to me the housing structure @
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james Gituru
0 # james Gituru 2012-01-26 12:04
very educative i love it.
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0 # J N KAGENI 2012-02-01 18:25
Very informative article. Could you enlighten me as to why my layers were pecking each other to death. I kept having such bloody scenes in the poultry house. I started with Unga feeds and then moved to Jubilee feeds when the Unga brand was not available.
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Gladys Odongo
0 # Gladys Odongo 2012-02-17 19:30
Am so happy to get this educative article. Will you please educate me cause i vaccinated my local birds and after two days i bought others . could i use the ear drop vaccination or drinking water vaccination.
When nearing to lay eggs , what kind of vaccination should i use?
Thanks and may be blessed for the good work
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Gladys Odongo
0 # Gladys Odongo 2012-02-17 19:42
so educative.
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0 # osoro 2012-07-01 17:16
hi. these looks practical. please send measurements for at least 5quartes in one unit each seperately for 100 local chicken. include drinkers,feeder, roost,nest and hatches. N/B show layers, hatching,brooding,and chicks seperately
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