Layers Keeping Guidelines

Layers keeping Guidelines

Farm enterprise setup

Poultry keeping is a delicate enterprise and before engaging in production, it is important to have knowledge regarding husbandry aspects such as hygiene practices, disease control, vaccination program, feeding systems, housing detail and other related factors which work together to realize a profitable venture.

Information in the following areas is handy to guide on what is expected hence prepare for the challenges that may lie ahead.

Operational costs.

A farmer needs to know the costs to be incurred before venturing in this business.

The major costs include: -

  • Housing
  • Essential farm facilities,
  • Cost of the foundation stock,
  • Feeding costs,
  • Vaccination costs

Animal production in either small or large scale if not properly handled can lead to large losses due to the delicate nature of the enterprise. The owner should personally get involved in management and supervision or if the objectives are to be realized, the one who takes care should have shared interest.

Life stages

Every animal has developmental stages with specific requirements which a farmer should know and attend to accordingly and separately.

Feeding Plans & Costs 

Feeding costs are single major contributor the costs of faming. Feeds should be purchased from a reputable company. The feed should be of good quality with right proportions of the required nutrients depending on the stage of your animal. And costs such as transport may be put into consideration.

If a farmer cannot afford or if has the raw materials, with good training, he can assemble ingredients in right proportions and process them accordingly. Farmers can get trained on feed formulation in livestock production centers in their respective districts. The aim is to reduce the feed costs as much as it is practically possible and hence increase the profits.

Housing

The housing should be done right depending on the ecological conditions of where one is living to reflect the climate of the place. If not correctly done poor housing may lead to failure and frustrations due to high losses, frequent disease outbreak, below bar production level, overcrowding and poor ventilation.

The house should have a right height depending on the system adopted, right roofing, this means not construction of an expensive house but whichever structure built should have enough space, be well ventilated, capable on shielding birds from harsh weather conditions

Enterprise profitability

BUDGET 250 BIRDS LAYERS

Deep litter floor system

Density – 4 – 6 Birds/m2

 

ITEM

UNIT

QUANTITY

UNIT PRICE

(Kshs)

TOTAL

(Kshs)

 

Income

Sale of egg

Sales cull

Saleof bags

Sales of manure

 

Eggs

Birds

Bags

Tons

 

65,520

250

50

20

 

10

300

50

2000

 

655,200

75,000

2,500

40,000

Gross Income

 

 

 

           772,700

 

Expenditure

Day old chicks

Chick/Duck mash

Growers Mash

Layers Mash

Medication

Kerosene

Labour 18 months

Egg trays

Charcoal

Cost of construction & equipments

Miscellaneous

 

No.

70kg bag

70kg bag

70 kg bag

Birds

Litres

MD

No.

No.

 

250

7

25

18

250

36

300

6

6

 

100

3,200

2,900

3,000

 60

100

200

30

850

 

25,000

22,400

72,500

54,000

15,000

3,240

60,000

180

5,100

150,000

30,000

 

Working capital

 

 

 

392,780

Interest on Working capital

 

 

 

           58,917

Total cost

 

 

 

         451,697

Gross Margin

 

 

 

         321,003

Capital Recovery

Fixed Capital – Ksh. 150,000

Recovery Period – 10 years

Interest rate – 20%

Annual Capital Cost – Ksh150,000 x CRF

  • Ksh 150,000 x 0.2385
  • Ksh.35,775

Total Variable Cost Ksh.392,780+ 58,917+35,775=Ksh.487, 472

Expected Net Income – Ksh.772,700– 487, 472

  • Ksh 285,228

Break Even Price/egg = 7.44

Remarks

When family labour is used Net income will  Improve

  1. 12 months productivity period has been adopted
  2. Eggs/bird to be 255 per year
  3. Laying percentage to be 70%
  4. Chick and Growers mortality rates to be 5%
  5. Layers mortality to be 1%
  6. Fowl pox vaccinate at 10-12 weeks once.
  7. Fowl-typhoid – vaccinate at 6-8 weeks once
  8. New Castle – vaccinate 1 week – 2-3 weeks, 8-10 weeks and every 2-3 months.
  9. Infectious bronchitis – 1 week, 2-3 weeks
  10. Gumboro – 1-2 weeks, 3-4 weeks
  11. NCD + IB + 1BD (killed) – 18 – 20 week
  12. Profitability will be realized After 2 years holding other factors of production constant

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Comments   

 
Kizeles
0 # Kizeles 2012-07-27 11:41
Just wondering what kind of layers are present in kenya? both indigenous and exotic. Do we have leghorn or Rhode Island red?
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Janus
0 # Janus 2012-10-23 10:33
Hi, we offer cages for chicken layers. You can raise big number in a house. Please contact me for more information.

My skype is hebei.allround.
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Gee
+1 # Gee 2014-01-15 09:06
Please share more details about the cages. How much and where can one access them.
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Godfrey Chege
0 # Godfrey Chege 2015-02-06 09:42
Hello Janus,

Are you still selling cages? I need for 1000 layers. Let me know. You can reply on email or call me on 0720722587.

Regards,

Godfrey
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Godfrey Chege
0 # Godfrey Chege 2015-02-06 09:42
Hello Janus,

Are you still selling cages? I need for 1000 layers. Let me know. You can reply on email or call me on 0720722587.

Regards,

Godfrey
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Kiliwi
0 # Kiliwi 2012-10-26 12:14
Hi, Walter Osiemo. This article on layers is very educative, thanks so much. Can you provide a similar cost analysis for broilers? Assuming that the housing already exists.
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Violet
0 # Violet 2013-01-15 12:19
This is just what i needed Osiemo! Thanks!
Janus..kindly advise how many birds your cages can take or they are singles..and at how much..can you deliver in msa? I can be reached on talk...regards
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siraj tudors
0 # siraj tudors 2013-05-17 18:18
NCD+1B+1BD(killed) =What do you mean?
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Bfes Mkenya
0 # Bfes Mkenya 2013-09-08 19:53
Hi, thanks for the information. brilliant. I'm doing some prior research before going into the project. Your information will really count.
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opiyo vet0722630509
0 # opiyo vet0722630509 2013-10-08 08:48
My client is in need of 18week old layers (Point-Of-Lay)
Call me NOW!!!
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opiyo vet0722630509
0 # opiyo vet0722630509 2013-10-08 08:52
Hi all, nice work here!

My client is in need of Layers at Point-Of-Lay (18 weeks old)
Call me urgently NOW! - - - 0722 630 509
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Homerange Poultry Kenya
0 # Homerange Poultry Kenya 2013-10-08 17:33
Homerange Poultry Kenya is primarily a hatchery specializing in improved kienyeji chicken (IKC). We exist to be the largest improved kienyeji poultry producing company in East and Central Africa.

Our prices are as follows:-

1) Day old improved kienyeji chicks @Kshs. 100

2) Month old improved kienyeji chicks @Kshs. 250

3) Fertilised improved kienyeji eggs @Kshs. 750 per tray

4) Breeding cock / hen @Kshs. 850

To order call 0786942052 or 0727200116

Email: /

Website: www.homerangepoultry.com
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Riches Picker
0 # Riches Picker 2014-04-06 06:30
Profitable poultry business requires record keeping. For free

recording keeping services, go to

www.pointsmaster.com/ssfdis/ from your mobile phone or

computer.
Records are useful for: determining profitability, decision

making, comparing improvements in the use of inputs (feed,

vaccination, land, labor, capital etc.), planning to grow and

become a more efficient producer.
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