Practical steps towards starting dairy goats farming in Kenya

Unlike local goats, dairy goats are bred for milk production and can produce up to 10 times that of the locals. They multiply fast, kidding twice a year often producing twins or triplets. The quality of milk and the prices are higher than a cow’s milk.

You require only a half hectare of Elephant (nappier) grass (penisetum puperum) grass to support five dairy goats. Establish a source of fodder by planting or buying fodder locally. Fodder should make the bulk of goat feed. Supplement feeds such as legume species commonly used as pasture or fodder in Kenya like Calliandra, Leucaena, Desmodium, grains and milling by-products, minerals, and molasses provide essential nutrients, such as protein, energy and minerals, to support milk production. If possible grow fodder shrubs around the edges of the plot. The fodder should be able to last a whole year. Other feeds include maize stover, sweet potato vines, banana peels and weeds. Preserve feeds when in surplus in form of hay, dried fodder legumes, leaves and maize stover.

Before buying and moving your goats, consult with the nearest veterinary or livestock office for suitable breed of dairy goats to your area and information on vaccinations against contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP), pulpy kidney, tetanus and orf.

Construct a good house with raised slatted floor, good ventilation, feed and water troughs.

Feeding the goats

Ensure you are feeding sufficient forage and supplements for high level of milk production.

Provide roughages (like Napier grass) and supplements. Napier grass should be chopped into approximately 3-cm-long pieces. Energy supplements include molasses, cereals or milling by-products (bran, pollard). Protein supplements include cotton seed cake, Calliandra leaves, Leucaena leaves, sweet potato vines, Desmodium, fishmeal and dairy meal.

A simple supplement can be made at home. For every 6 scoops of whole cereal grains, add half a scoop of fishmeal or any of the following: cotton seed cake, Calliandra leaves, Leucaena leaves, sweet potato vines or Desmodium. Finally add a tablespoonful of mineral mixture. Mix well before feeding.

Increase supplement by ½ kg per day during the last month of pregnancy. When in milk, allow ½ kg of supplement for every 3 litres of milk produced.


Identify a good breeding male goat which has no deformities, with two well-developed testicles, strong feet and legs, good body condition and high libido. Libido is observed by the ability of the male to vigorously detect and mate with females on heat. These qualities will ensure successful mating.

One male is needed for every 25 females. This male can be communally owned provided sexually transmitted diseases and other communicable diseases such as brucellosis are controlled.

Mate females two months after kidding. Introduce a male and leave it with the female goats for 2 to 3 weeks. If possible mate all your female goats at the same time to ensure kids are born at the same time and therefore ease management.

Breed females when in good body condition. Select those with a soft udder, two functional teats and strong teeth and legs. Manage reproduction in goats ensuring that first mating should be about 16 months of age because breeding too early can result in weak kids and stunted females.

On average birth occurs 150 days after mating. Watch your goat closely one week before kidding in case of any problems.

Replace breeding animals at 9 years of age or earlier if they fail to become pregnant. Organize for a periodic male exchange program to prevent inbreeding.

Rearing the kids

Ensure the newborn kid suckles immediately after birth. The goat’s first milk helps protect the kid from diseases, gets its digestive system working and is especially nutritious. Disinfect the umbilical cord immediately after birth with iodine solution or diluted disinfectant to avoid infection. House both mother and kid in a dry, well-ventilated and secure house.

Allow half to one litre of milk per day for the kid, depending on size. Wean at 3 months.

Introduce kids to roughage (chopped Napier grass, maize stover) by the second week and supplements (0.25 kg per day) by the fourth week.

Controlling internal and external parasites

Deworm all adults before mating, all females 2 weeks before kidding, kids at weaning (3 months of age), and all animals before the start of the rainy season.

Use recommended sprays, pour-ons and powders to control external parasites such as Fleas, ticks, mites and lice.


Vaccinate goats against the highly contagious disease goat pneumonia (CCPP),  pregnant females against pulpy kidney and tetanus 2 to 3 weeks before kidding and vaccinate kids at 6 months of age. Vaccinate against orf (scabby mouth disease) at 2 months of age. Orf can affect goat handlers therefore wear protective clothing, such as overalls, when handling your goats and wash your hands well with soap and water afterwards.


Local markets are readily available for goat’s milk. Obtain market information on demand for goat’s milk or create demand by telling people about benefits of goat’s milk. Try local hospitals, children’s homes and individual households. You can make added-value products such as cheese,  maziwa mala or yoghurt.

You can also sell goats for profits which are currently very marketable and high in demand.



0 # bakari 2012-04-14 00:28
needed information
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mwangi muheria
0 # mwangi muheria 2012-04-15 18:22
good information
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Maureen Atsali
+2 # Maureen Atsali 2012-08-22 13:08
Can anyone provide me information on dairy goats available for sale in Western Province?
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-2 # musa 2012-10-09 13:51
please contact me on TEL No 072834600 or email Quoting Maureen Atsali:
Can anyone provide me information on dairy goats available for sale in Western Province?
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-3 # jane 2012-10-26 15:21
Can somebody assist me in packaging and selling goat milk in Nanyuki.I have over 200 goats Samburu goats and some cross of Samburu/Togenburg procured from Farm Africa.Would like even partnership in packaging.
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0 # Samg 2012-11-29 10:10
Hey? I maybe interested but can you be a bit more detailed on what you really need in terms of packaging. We can correspond, my email is . Looking forward to your feedback. Cheers.
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0 # perminus 2013-08-19 13:13
i process and pack yoghurt in have a good idea and i am interested.
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0 # NELSON NDABA GATHIA 2013-09-30 14:26
Hi Perminus,

Do you process goat yoghurt?I can supply you with milk. My number is 0720427314. Am in Banana.
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0 # grace 2015-10-12 13:51
Hi...interested but am in Nairobi - Grace 0714786332
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote in Eldoret n intrested in goat farming.i need info
0 # in Eldoret n intrested in goat farming.i need info 2012-12-12 20:10
Hello,am in eldoret n intrested in goat rearing.any information can help n especilly where i can buy some within eldoret
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ann kinyanjui
-1 # ann kinyanjui 2013-05-01 17:17
A goat farmer in muranga county.wish to increase my stk with kari alpine breedms.pliz connect me
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0 # grace 2013-08-02 17:59
..anyone in nanyuki and can share information on goats & sheep? pls contact me
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Williams Kyalo
0 # Williams Kyalo 2013-08-19 19:21
Am planning to start diary goat farming in Mbooni west makueni county, anyone with market information for the goat milk which is my biggest challege let me know, anyone with the German alpine breed for sale within nrb, kajiado, machakos & makueni can contact me via this forum.
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Francis Marete
0 # Francis Marete 2013-08-23 05:42
Hi Kyalo we are breeders of all types of dairy goats.Contact me by we discuss.
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James Kilai
0 # James Kilai 2013-09-19 11:14
Can anyone tell me where I can get dairy goats in Makueni County?
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naibei josephine
-1 # naibei josephine 2013-09-25 16:59
resident of eldoret interested in dairy goat farming .information on the above not sufficient for a zero grazing aspiring farmer. pls provide more information to enable me start on a small scale.currently on a quarter an acre plot within eldoret city,uasin Gishu county
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Njeri Lily
0 # Njeri Lily 2014-08-22 18:23
hi Naibei, am also an aspiring farmer in Eldoret.For us to be successful in this we will have to look for other dairy farmers so that we can have good market as well as bargaining power.I think visiting the livestock offices would be very helpful too. I intend to pay a visit
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Njeri Lily
0 # Njeri Lily 2014-08-22 18:27
Naibei, i am also an aspriring dairy goat farmer in Eldoret, one thing for sure is that we have to identify other dairy goat farmers as well as those that are aspiring to be dairy goat farmers so that we can market our products as a group and fetch good prices so that in the end this will be a profitable venture.
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-2 # NELSON NDABA GATHIA 2013-09-30 14:29
I have goat milk. Any one interested? i can afford 6 litres per day.
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0 # lagat 2013-10-17 16:43
Interested to buy 1 dairy goat producing at least 5 litres of milk. Im in Eldoret
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-1 # Mundia 2013-11-26 19:39
I currently need 5 saanen/ toggenburg goats. anyone who can supply? 0711305556 .
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0 # Jane 2014-08-23 16:48
Hi, am interested in dairy goat farming. Where can i get the training??
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carolyne kipchumba kore
0 # carolyne kipchumba kore 2013-12-27 03:19
A[google]am in smelter town owning a quarter of plot interested in dairy goat farming assist me on to getting. started [/google]
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Stephen Ngethe
0 # Stephen Ngethe 2013-12-29 23:49
Very Very useful information I want to start daily goat farming but doubtful on the market, I hear they are Hospital that buy the milk for HIV/AID persons.. how true is this I want to do this but I have to be sure I will get the Market.

Kindly help
and Thanks in advance
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0 # jacinta 2014-03-10 22:49
Am interested in goat farming at kangundo misyani area. i need where to buy, and the market for the milk. please assist me if you can. Thank you.
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0 # jacinta 2014-03-10 22:51
anybody with info on rearing goats at kangundo miisyani area? kindly help me get started and how to get the market.
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0 # japheth 2015-10-12 13:02
Am interested in dairy goats for ukambani region.kindly help with more info.
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Gikonyo Charles
0 # Gikonyo Charles 2017-06-07 16:44
Hy i want to start milk goat around Nairobi area.Where can i get the best breed?How can you assist me on shed building.
Thanks God bless.
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0 # Wayne 2017-08-14 09:51
Can anyone provide me with information on how I can purchase Alpine goats in Thika. Thanks
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