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You can make money raising commercial layers

One of the profitable poultry farming business is  layers chicken farming. You can start small and expand as you grow. This poultry house is designed to accommodate 200 birds. If more than 200 birds will be kept,

the length of the house can be extended by 3.9 meters for every 100 layers. The materials indicated can however be replaced by any alternatives available in your locality if convenient and less costly. For example off-cuts can be replaced by bricks and cedar posts by ordinary tree poles. The space where wire mesh is used for ventilation can be altered according to local climatic conditions.
One assumption is that there exists a room that can be used for rearing the chicks and another available as a store for feeds and other poultry materials.
This venture is especially suitable for those in the urban and peri-urban areas because it does not require vast land and the market exists nearby. Many youth groups formed by developmental organizations can take advantage and raise commercial layers for financial gains.

House plan and design

Front view 


Side view



Ground plan



Cost of materials and construction

Materials Required

Units

Qty

Cost (Kshs)

Total (Kshs)

2 m long corrugated iron sheets

No

40

800

32,000

Wire netting

roll

1

5000

5,000

Ballast

7 tonnes load

1

3000

3,000

Sand

7 tonnes load

1

9000

9,000

Cement

bags

7

900

6,300

Rails (3’ x 2’)

feet

400

30

12,000

Rails (2’ x 2’)

feet

400

30

12,000

Cedar posts

No

30

200

6,000

Off-cuts

pieces

150

120

18,000

Suitable material for deep litter e.g. wood shavings

load

1

1000

1,000

Labour cost @ 30% of construction materials

 

 

 

31,290

Total

 

 

 

135,590



Poultry equipment


Feeders
Feeders are distributed at one round feeder per 25 birds. Therefore 8 feeders are required for each batch of 200 birds. Each round feeder goes at Kshs 600. Cost = Kshs. 4,800.


Waterers
Waterers are distributed alternately between feeders therefore 8 are required for a batch of 200 birds. Each feeder goes at Kshs 600. Cost = Kshs. 4,800.


Laying nests
One box for every four birds is enough. Dimensions should be 12 inches base diameter and 8 inches high walls on the lower end and 12 inches on the higher end. These are usually made of wood. A slanted roof to deter buildup of manure should be placed over the nest boxes to ensure comfort and privacy to the birds.

Timber size

Length

Unit cost

Total cost

12” x 1”

200

30

6,000

8” x 1”

100

30

3,000

Total

 

 

9,000



Perches or roosts
Chickens prefer to roost at night on perches. Perching space of 15 to 20 cm should be allowed for each bird. The cross-section of each perch bar should be 2 to 3 cm.

 Item

No

Unit price

Total cost

12’ Rafters

140

40

5,600

Round poles

10

120

1,200

 Total

 

 

6,800


Egg trays

Assuming a laying percentage of 90%, 6 egg trays are required for each batch of 200 birds. Cost = 600.

Poultry Feeds

Chicks

4 (70kg bag) bags of chick mash per month for 17 weeks cost about 4 x 4 x 3,300 = 52,800. 

Layers

8 (70 kg bag )bags of layers mash per month for 200 layers. Cost is 2500 x 8 = Kshs 20,000 per month

 NB: You need to verify these prices because feed prices have been changing very fast and depend on locality.

Total cost

Item

Total cost

House construction

135,590

Poultry equipment

26,000

Poultry feeds - chicks

52,800

Poultry feed – layers (1 year)

160,000

Labour @ Kshs. 3000 pm

36,000

Veterinary costs

3,000

Total

413,390

 

Returns

Year 1
Assuming laying percentage at 90%
200 birds x 90% x 8 Mo x 30 days x 8 Kshs/egg = 345,600

Year 2
Assume laying percent of 80%
200 birds x 80% x 12 months x 30 days x 8 Kshs/egg = 460,800
Assuming 80% survival rate
Sale of spent chicken @ Kshs 400 per bird = 200 x 80% x 400 = 64,000

Cash Flow

 

Year 1

Year 2

House construction

135,590

0

Poultry equipment

26,000

0

Poultry feeds - chicks

52,800

0

Poultry feed – layers (1 year)

160,000

240,000

Labour @ Kshs. 3000 pm

36,000

36,000

Veterinary expenses

3,000

3,000

Total cost

413,390

279,000

Sales of eggs

345,600

460,800

Sale of spent chicken

0

64,000

Net

-67,790

+245,800

 

What you can do to cut costs

Obviously the first would be to rent a house instead of constructing one. This will reduce your cost by Kshs 148,070 save for monthly rents for the two years. Besides relying on a temporary structure, the other disadvantage is that you have no control over the housing therefore some house improvements might not be possible. Alternatively you can construct a cheaper house using cheaper materials, and opting for an earth floor.
Finally, other than the financial profits you can get from this endeavour there is also the other benefit which most people do not consider; the vast experience you will get over the two year period in rearing layers for commercial purposes. Well you can try this at home.

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